History of CBD
In 1998, the British government licensed a company called GW Pharmaceuticals to grow cannabis and develop a precise and consistent extract for use in clinical trials. GW’s co-founder Geoffrey Guy, MD, was convinced that by using CBD-rich plants, GW could produce a cannabis-based medicine with little or no psychoactive effect.
In addition to countering the psychoactivity of THC, Guy said, CBD conferred benefits of its own.
CBD-rich cannabis has a long history of being used to treat health problems.
Queen Victoria used CBD-rich cannabis for menstrual cramps in the 19th century. Studies had long suggested that CBD lessens anxiety and reduces the severity and frequency of seizures.
As the years went by, more and more promising scientific studies involving CBD were described at meetings of the International Association for Cannabinoid Medicine, and Patients Out of Time.
What is CBD?
CBD is one of more than 100 cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. It’s also the second most prominent cannabinoid after THC. Like THC, CBD has many therapeutic benefits. Many scientists also believe CBD is complementary to THC, in that the two work better together. However, unlike THC, CBD doesn’t get you high. CBD oil simply refers to any CBD oil derived from cannabis or hemp.
Research on CBD so far has been overwhelmingly positive. Research suggests CBD oil may:
- Reduce anxiety and depression
- Relieve pain
- Reduce side effects caused by cancer treatments (such as nausea and vomiting)
- Reduce symptoms caused by cancer (such as pain)
- Prevent or delay the onset of neurological conditions or help patients with neurological disorders (such as epilepsy and multiple sclerosis)
- Help the heart and circulatory system
- Prevent diabetes
- Have anti-tumor effects
- Help prevent or treat addiction
- Have antipsychotic effects to prevent (or help people with) schizophrenia and other mental disorders.
What are cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant.
Cannabinoids are the primary chemical compounds produced by the cannabis plant and there are more than 85 identified cannabinoids. THC is the most well-known cannabinoid produced by the cannabis plant and is the ONLY psychoactive cannabinoid. Of the 85+ non-psychoactive cannabinoids, CBD is the most widely known
How CBD works
Unlike its cannabinoid cousin, THC, CBD does not produce a psychoactive effect. This is because CBD does not affect the same receptors that THC does. The human body has an endocannabinoid system that receives transmissions signals from cannabinoids in the body. CBD produces many beneficial effects on the human molecular pathway. As a matter of fact, there are more than 65 molecular targets of CBD in the body. A CBD rich product with little THC can convey therapeutic benefits without having a euphoric or dysphoric affect. CBD increases the circulating levels of your natural endocannabinoids, which, in turn, interact with your cannabinoid receptors
Synthetic v Whole Plant
Whole Plant, describes a product which utilizes the full plant, keeping intact the full synergistic properties of its rich terpenes, secondary cannabinoids and fatty acids to interact with and enhance the properties of CBD.
Synthetic These products strip out any other cannabinoids, terpenes and fatty acids found in the Trichomes of the plant. The only remaining component is ‘crystals’ of CBD. This product looks like a white powder and does not contain any other naturally occurring parts of the plant from which it came. At the risk of overgeneralizing, these products seem to degrade the synergistic qualities nature originally provided.